Climates and Regions
North Pole - most northern point on our Earth
South Pole - most southern point on our Earth
Equator - an imaginary circle around the middle of the Earth, halfway between the north and south poles. It is the zero line of latitude.
Tropic of Cancer - is a line of latitude.
Tropic of Capricorn - is a line of latitude.
temperature - how hot or cold a place is
freezing point - the temperature at which a liquid freezes. The freezing point is 32 degrees Farenheit or O degrees Centigrade. Rain turns to snow if the temperature is 32 degrees or lower.
precipitation - a form of moisture such as snow, sleet, hail, dew, or rain.
elevation - is the height of the land
Highlands are mountains or hills
Lowlands are plains or valleys
ice cap - is a permanent covering of ice over an area. (Greenland"s inner area is an ice cap.)
tundra - a treeless plain (flat land) in the Arctic region. Small plants grow and some animals can survive there.
mountain - high land (over 1000 ft. high) that is rocky with thin soil and has a short growing season. The highest mountain in the world is Mt. Everest located in Nepal is Asia.
desert - a place with little rain (less than 10 in. in a year) and few plants (The largest desert is the Sahara. It is located in Libya on the continent of Africa.).
tropical rain forest - a very dense forest area found in the tropics where rain is heavy year round (The largest tropical rain forest is the Amazon Rain Forest in South America.)
The views and opinions expressed in this page and site, unless specifically noted, are strictly those of Abby Landau. The Caldwell-West Caldwell School District is not responsible and has no control over the redirected links that take users off the www.cwcboe.org site.