SPEECH LANGAUGE PATHOLOGY IN THE SCHOOL SETTING
School setting, speech-language pathology services conform to federal regulations created to implement the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), a law designed to ensure that all students receive Free and Appropriate Public Education (FAPE).Determination of eligibility for services in schools is a multistage process that includes screening, evaluation, observations from teacher, information from parents, and review of the student's work samples. The school-based Individualized Education Program (IEP) team considers all of this information to answer these questions:
Speech-language pathologist (SLPs) work with students who have speech, language, or hearing problems that affect their communication and subsequent success in classroom activities, social interactions, literacy, and learning.
- Is there a disability?
- If so, is there an adverse effect on educational performance resulting from the disability?
- If so, are specially designed instruction and/or related services and supports needed to help the student make progress in the general education curriculum?
WHAT AREAS OF SPEECH-LANGAUGE PATHOLOGY ARE TREATED IN THE SCHOOL SETTING?
Speech Production: Motor planning and execution • Articulation • Phonological
Language (Spoken & Written): Phonology • Morphology• Syntax • Semantics • Prelinguistic communication (e.g., joint attention, intentionality, communicative signaling) • Paralinguistic communication (e.g., gestures, signs, body language) • Literacy (reading, writing, spelling)
Pragmatics: Language use and social aspects of communication
Fluency: Stuttering • Cluttering
Voice: • Phonation quality • Pitch • Loudness
Auditory Habilitation/Rehabilitation: • Speech, language, communication, and listening skills impacted by hearing loss, deafness • Auditory processing