• Rules of Syllabication of Multi-syllable Words

     

    1. Split between two consonants. 

    rib bon      den tist 

     

    2. Keep h-brothers (wh, ch, sh, th), bonus letters (ff,ss,zz,ll), and blends together (tr, bl, sn, mp, lk...) together.

    bath tub      lip stick      nut shell      cliff side 

     

    3. Keep -ng's and -nk's together

    wing span     bank rupt 

     

    4. If there is only one consonant between vowels keep the consonant with the first syllable, so the vowel is short.

    lev el      cab in   

     

    5. If there is only one consonant between vowels, leave the first syllable open. 

    ro bot      pre tend      si lent

     

     

     

    Syllable Types

     

    Closed- A closed syllable has 1 vowel followed by one or more consonants. The vowel is short.

    fit     duck 

    ***exceptions to the closed syllable. The vowel sound is long. ind, ild, old, ost, olt, oll

    kind     wild     cold     most     colt     roll 

     

    Vowel-consonant-e (silent "e" , magic "e") - The "e" at the end of the word or syllable can jump back one sound andm ake the vowel long (say its name).

    game     tube     bathe

    ***exceptions to the vowel-consonant-e-

    -The letter never ends a word, so the 'e' helps out. The vowel sound is short.

    ive-give     ave-have

    -The silent 'e' can jump an -st at the end of a word. The vowel sound is long.

    paste      taste

     

    Open- Has only 1 vowel at the end of the word or syllable. The vowel sound is long. 

    he     go     stu 

    ***exceptions- The letter 'a' in an open syllable is a shwa. It sounds like short 'u'.

    A las ka     com ma     va nil la 

    The letter 'i' in an open syllable is a shwa. It sounds like short 'i' or 'u'.

    an i mal     pres i dent 

     

    Vowel Pairs- There are 2 vowels together, but they make only 1 sound. 

    train     toad     way

     

    R-Controlled- Bossy R- There is 1 vowel followed by an 'r', the sound is neither long nor short.

    turn     arm     bird 

     

    Consonant-le- This is the last syllable of a base word. It always has 3-letters-a consonant plus le. The 'e' is silent. 

    bubble     cable     tangle     rectangle     pickle

    ***exceptions to consonant le- The ending -stle both the 's' and 'e' are silent. 

    castle     hustle     rustle 

     

     

     

    *This information is based on the Orton-Gillingham approach.