Rules of Syllabication of Multi-syllable Words
1. Split between two consonants.
rib bon den tist
2. Keep h-brothers (wh, ch, sh, th), bonus letters (ff,ss,zz,ll), and blends together (tr, bl, sn, mp, lk...) together.
bath tub lip stick nut shell cliff side
3. Keep -ng's and -nk's together
wing span bank rupt
4. If there is only one consonant between vowels keep the consonant with the first syllable, so the vowel is short.
lev el cab in
5. If there is only one consonant between vowels, leave the first syllable open.
ro bot pre tend si lent
Closed- A closed syllable has 1 vowel followed by one or more consonants. The vowel is short.
***exceptions to the closed syllable. The vowel sound is long. ind, ild, old, ost, olt, oll
kind wild cold most colt roll
Vowel-consonant-e (silent "e" , magic "e") - The "e" at the end of the word or syllable can jump back one sound andm ake the vowel long (say its name).
game tube bathe
***exceptions to the vowel-consonant-e-
-The letter never ends a word, so the 'e' helps out. The vowel sound is short.
-The silent 'e' can jump an -st at the end of a word. The vowel sound is long.
Open- Has only 1 vowel at the end of the word or syllable. The vowel sound is long.
he go stu
***exceptions- The letter 'a' in an open syllable is a shwa. It sounds like short 'u'.
A las ka com ma va nil la
The letter 'i' in an open syllable is a shwa. It sounds like short 'i' or 'u'.
an i mal pres i dent
Vowel Pairs- There are 2 vowels together, but they make only 1 sound.
train toad way
R-Controlled- Bossy R- There is 1 vowel followed by an 'r', the sound is neither long nor short.
turn arm bird
Consonant-le- This is the last syllable of a base word. It always has 3-letters-a consonant plus le. The 'e' is silent.
bubble cable tangle rectangle pickle
***exceptions to consonant le- The ending -stle both the 's' and 'e' are silent.
castle hustle rustle
*This information is based on the Orton-Gillingham approach.